Bravecto 112.5 mg for dogs between 2 and 4.5 kg 1 chewable tablet
Treatment of tick and flea infestations in dogs
Bravecto 112.5 mg chewable tablets for very small dogs (2–4.5 kg)
2. QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION
Each chewable tablet contains:
Bravecto chewable tablets
for very small dogs (2–4.5 kg) 112.5mg Fluralaner
For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1.
3. PHARMACEUTICAL FORM
Light to dark brown tablet with a smooth or slightly rough surface and circular shape. Some marbling, speckles or both may be visible.
4. CLINICAL PARTICULARS
4.1 Target species
4.2 Indications for use, specifying the target species
For the treatment of tick and flea infestations in dogs.
This veterinary medicinal product is a systemic insecticide and acaricide that provides:
immediate and persistent flea (Ctenocephalides felis) killing activity for 12 weeks,
immediate and persistent tick killing activity for 12 weeks for Ixodes ricinus, Dermacentor reticulatus and D. variabilis,
immediate and persistent tick killing activity for 8 weeks for Rhipicephalus sanguineus.
Fleas and ticks must attach to the host and commence feeding in order to be exposed to the active substance. The onset of effect is within 8 hours of attachment for fleas (C. felis) and 12 hours of attachment for ticks (I. ricinus).
The product can be used as part of a treatment strategy for the control of flea allergy dermatitis (FAD).
Do not use in case of hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients.
4.4 Special warnings for each target species
Parasites need to start feeding on the host to become exposed to fluralaner; therefore the risk of the transmission of parasite borne diseases cannot be excluded.
4.5 Special precautions for use
Special precautions for use in animals
In the absence of available data, the veterinary medicinal product should not be used on puppies less than 8 weeks old and /or dogs weighing less than 2 kg.
The product should not be administered at intervals shorter than 8 weeks as the safety for shorter intervals has not been tested.
Special precautions to be taken by the person administering the veterinary medicinal product to animals
Keep the product in the original packaging until use, in order to prevent children from getting direct access to the product.
Do not eat, drink or smoke while handling the product.
Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water immediately after use of the product.
4.6 Adverse reactions (frequency and seriousness)
Commonly observed adverse reactions in clinical trials (1.6% of treated dogs) were mild and transient gastrointestinal effects such as diarrhoea, vomiting, inappetence, and drooling.
The frequency of adverse reactions is defined using the following convention:
very common (more than 1 in 10 animals displaying adverse reaction(s) during the course of one treatment)
common (more than 1 but less than 10 animals in 100 animals)
uncommon (more than 1 but less than 10 animals in 1,000 animals)
rare (more than 1 but less than 10 animals in 10,000 animals)
very rare (less than 1 animal in 10,000 animals, including isolated reports).
4.7 Use during pregnancy, lactation or lay
The safety of the veterinary medicinal product in breeding, pregnant and lactating dogs has been demonstrated. Can be used in breeding, pregnant and lactating dogs.
4.8 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
Fluralaner is highly bound to plasma proteins and might compete with other highly bound drugs such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and the cumarin derivative warfarin. Incubation of fluralaner in the presence of carprofen or warfarin in dog plasma at maximum expected plasma concentrations did not reduce the protein binding of fluralaner, carprofen or warfarin.
During clinical field testing, no interactions between Bravecto chewable tablets for dogs and routinely used veterinary medicinal products were observed.
4.9 Amounts to be administered and administration route
For oral use.
Bravecto should be administered in accordance with the following table (corresponding to a dose of 25–56 mg fluralaner/kg bodyweight within one weight band):
2–4.5 kg : 1 tablet of Bravecto 112,5 mg
>4.5–10 kg : 1 tablet of Bravecto 250 mg
>10 -–20 kg : 1 tablet of Bravecto 500 mg
>20–40 kg : 1 tablet of Bravecto 1000 mg
>40 - –56 kg : 1 tablet of Bravecto 1400 mg
The chewable tablets should not be broken or divided.
For dogs above 56 kg bodyweight, use a combination of two tablets that most closely matches the bodyweight.
Method of administration:
Administer Bravecto chewable tablets at or around the time of feeding.
Bravecto is a chewable tablet and is well accepted by most dogs. If the tablet is not taken up voluntarily by the dog it can also be given with food or directly into the mouth. The dog should be observed during administration to confirm that the tablet is swallowed.
For optimal control of flea infestation, the veterinary medicinal product should be administered at intervals of 12 weeks. For optimal control of tick infestation, the timing of retreatment depends on the tick species. See section 4.2.
4.10 Overdose (symptoms, emergency procedures, antidotes), if necessary
No adverse reactions were observed following oral administration to puppies aged 8–9 weeks and weighing 2.0–3.6 kg treated with overdoses of up to 5 times the maximum recommended dose (56 mg,
168 mg and 280 mg fluralaner/kg bodyweight) on three occasions at shorter intervals than recommended (8-week intervals).
There were no findings on reproductive performance and no findings of concern on offspring viability when fluralaner was administered orally to Beagle dogs at overdoses of up to 3 times the maximum recommended dose (up to 168 mg/kg bodyweight of fluralaner).
The veterinary medicinal product was well tolerated in Collies with a deficient multidrug-resistanceprotein 1 (MDR1 -/-) following single oral administration at 3 times the recommended dose (168 mg/kg bodyweight). No treatment-related clinical signs were observed.
4.11 Withdrawal period
5. PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Ectoparasiticides for systemic use.
ATCvet code: QP53BX05.
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
Fluralaner is an acaricide and insecticide. It is efficacious against ticks (Ixodes spp., Dermacentor spp. and Rhipicephalus sanguineus) and fleas (Ctenocephalides spp.) on the dog.
Fluralaner has a high potency against ticks and fleas by exposure via feeding, i.e. it is systemically active on target parasites.
Fluralaner is a potent inhibitor of parts of the arthropod nervous system by acting antagonistically on ligand-gated chloride channels (GABA-receptor and glutamate-receptor).
In molecular on-target studies on insect GABA receptors of flea and fly, fluralaner is not affected by dieldrin resistance.
In in vitro bio-assays, fluralaner is not affected by proven field resistances against amidines (tick), organophosphates (tick, mite), cyclodienes (tick, flea, fly), macrocyclic lactones (sea lice), phenylpyrazoles (tick, flea), benzophenyl ureas (tick), pyrethroids (tick, mite) and carbamates (mite).
The product contributes towards the control of the environmental flea populations in areas to which treated dogs have access.
Newly emerged fleas on a dog are killed before viable eggs are produced. An in vitro study also demonstrated that very low concentrations of fluralaner stop the production of viable eggs by fleas. The flea life cycle is broken due to the rapid onset of action and long lasting efficacy against adult fleas on the animal and the absence of viable egg production.
5.2 Pharmacokinetic particulars
Following oral administration, fluralaner is readily absorbed reaching maximum plasma concentrations within 1 day. Food enhances the absorption. Fluralaner is systemically distributed and reaches the highest concentrations in fat, followed by liver, kidney and muscle. The prolonged persistence and slow elimination from plasma (t1/2 = 12 days) and the lack of extensive metabolism provide effective concentrations of fluralaner for the duration of the inter-dosing interval. Individual variation in Cmax and t1/2 was observed. The major route of elimination is the excretion of unchanged fluralaner in faeces (~90% of the dose). Renal clearance is the minor route of elimination.
6. PHARMACEUTICAL PARTICULARS
6.1 List of excipients
Pork liver flavour
Sodium lauryl sulfate
Disodium embonate monohydrate
6.3 Shelf life
Shelf life of the veterinary medicinal product as packaged for sale: 2 years.
6.4. Special precautions for storage
This veterinary medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions.
Treatment of tick and flea infestations in dogs
Treatment of tick and flea infestations and treatment of sarcoptic mange in dogs