Metacam 20 mg/ml solution for injection for cattle, pigs and horses 100 ml
For use in acute respiratory infection, diarrhoea, in the treatment of acute mastitis, in the relief of post-operative pain (cattle) in non-infectious locomotor disorders, in the treatment of puerperal septicaemia and toxaemia (pigs)
Metacam 20 mg/ml solution for injection for cattle, pigs and horses
2. QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION OF Metacam 20 mg/ml
One ml contains:
Meloxicam 20 mg
Ethanol 150 mg
For a full list of excipients, see section 6.1.
3. PHARMACEUTICAL FORM OF Metacam 20 mg/ml
Solution for injection.
Clear yellow solution.
4. CLINICAL PARTICULARS OF Metacam 20 mg/ml
4.1 Target species
Cattle, pigs and horses
4.2. Indications for use, specifying the target species
For use in acute respiratory infection with appropriate antibiotic therapy to reduce clinical signs in cattle. For use in diarrhoea in combination with oral re-hydration therapy to reduce clinical signs in calves of over one week of age and young, non-lactating cattle.
For adjunctive therapy in the treatment of acute mastitis, in combination with antibiotic therapy. For the relief of post-operative pain following dehorning in calves.
For use in non-infectious locomotor disorders to reduce the symptoms of lameness and inflammation. For adjunctive therapy in the treatment of puerperal septicaemia and toxaemia (mastitis-metritis-agalactia syndrome) with appropriate antibiotic therapy.
For use in the alleviation of inflammation and relief of pain in both acute and chronic musculo-skeletal disorders.
For the relief of pain associated with equine colic.
See also section 4.7.
Do not use in horses less than 6 weeks of age.
Do not use in animals suffering from impaired hepatic, cardiac or renal function and haemorrhagic disorders, or where there is evidence of ulcerogenic gastrointestinal lesions.
Do not use in case of hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients.
For the treatment of diarrhoea in cattle, do not use in animals of less than one week of age.
4.4 Special warnings for each target species
Treatment of calves with Metacam 20 minutes before dehorning reduces post-operative pain. Metacam alone will not provide adequate pain relief during the dehorning procedure. To obtain adequate pain relief during surgery co-medication with an appropriate analgesic is needed.
4.5 Special precautions for use
Special precautions for use in animals
If adverse reactions occur, treatment should be discontinued and the advice of a veterinarian should be sought.
Avoid use in very severely dehydrated, hypovolaemic or hypotensive animals which require parenteral rehydration, as there may be a potential risk of renal toxicity.
In case of inadequate relief of pain when used in the treatment of equine colic, careful re-evaluation of the diagnosis should be made as this could indicate the need for surgical intervention.
Special precautions to be taken by the person administering the veterinary medicinal product to animals Accidental self-injection may give rise to pain. People with known hypersensitivity to Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) should avoid contact with the veterinary medicinal product. In case of accidental self-injection, seek medical advice immediately and show the package leaflet or the label to the physician.
4.6 Adverse reactions (frequency and seriousness)
In cattle and pigs, subcutaneous, intramuscular as well as intravenous administration is well tolerated; only a slight transient swelling at the injection site following subcutaneous administration was observed in less than 10 % of the cattle treated in clinical studies.
In horses, a transient swelling at the injection site can occur but resolves without intervention.
In very rare cases anaphylactoid reactions, which may be serious (including fatal), may occur and should be treated symptomatically.
The frequency of adverse reactions is defined using the following convention:
very common (more than 1 in 10 animals displaying adverse reactions during the course of one treatment)
common (more than 1 but less than 10 animals in 100 animals)
uncommon (more than 1 but less than 10 animals in 1,000 animals)
rare (more than 1 but less than 10 animals in 10,000 animals)
very rare (less than 1 animal in 10,000 animals, including isolated reports).
4.7. Use during pregnancy, lactation or lay
Cattle and pigs: Can be used during pregnancy and lactation.
Horses: Do not use in pregnant or lactating mares.
See also section 4.3.
4.8. Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
Do not administer concurrently with glucocorticosteroids, other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or with anticoagulant agents.
4.9. Amounts to be administered and administration route
Single subcutaneous or intravenous injection at a dosage of 0.5 mg meloxicam/kg body weight (i.e.
2.5 ml/100 kg body weight) in combination with antibiotic therapy or with oral re-hydration therapy, as appropriate.
Single intramuscular injection at a dosage of 0.4 mg meloxicam/kg body weight (i.e. 2.0 ml/100 kg body weight) in combination with antibiotic therapy, as appropriate. If required, a second administration of meloxicam can be given after 24 hours.
Single intravenous injection at a dosage of 0.6 mg meloxicam/kg body weight (i.e. 3.0 ml/100 kg body weight).
For use in the alleviation of inflammation and the relief of pain in both acute and chronic musculoskeletal disorders, Metacam 15 mg/ml oral suspension may be used for continuation of treatment at a dosage of 0.6 mg meloxicam/kg body weight, 24 hours after administration of the injection.
Avoid introduction of contamination during use.
4.10 Overdose (symptoms, emergency procedures, antidotes), if necessary
In case of overdose, symptomatic treatment should be initiated.
4.11 Withdrawal periods
Cattle: Meat and offal: 15 days; Milk: 5 days Pigs: Meat and offal: 5 days
Horses: Meat and offal: 5 days.
Not authorised to use in horses producing milk for human consumption.
5. PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF Metacam 20 mg/ml
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Antiinflammatory and antirheumatic products, non-steroids (oxicams). ATCvet code: QM01AC06.
5.1. Pharmacodynamic properties
Meloxicam is a Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug (NSAID) of the oxicam class which acts by inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis, thereby exerting anti-inflammatory, anti-exudative, analgesic and antipyretic effects. It reduces leukocyte infiltration into the inflamed tissue. To a minor extent it also inhibits collagen-induced thrombocyte aggregation. Meloxicam also has anti-endotoxic properties because it has been shown to inhibit production of thromboxane B2 induced by E. coli endotoxin administration in calves, lactating cows and pigs.
5.2. Pharmacokinetic particulars
After a single subcutaneous dose of 0.5 mg meloxicam/kg, Cmaxvalues of 2.1 µg/ml and 2.7 µg/ml were reached after 7.7 hours and 4 hours in young cattle and lactating cows, respectively.
After two intramuscular doses of 0.4 mg meloxicam/kg, a Cmax value of 1.9 µg/ml was reached after 1 hour in pigs.
More than 98 % of meloxicam is bound to plasma proteins. The highest meloxicam concentrations are to be found in liver and kidney. Comparatively low concentrations are detectable in skeletal muscle and fat.
Meloxicam is predominantly found in plasma. In cattle, meloxicam is also a major excretion product in milk and bile whereas urine contains only traces of the parent compound. In pigs, bile and urine contain only traces of the parent compound. Meloxicam is metabolised to an alcohol, an acid derivative and to several polar metabolites. All major metabolites have been shown to be pharmacologically inactive. The metabolism in horses has not been investigated.
Meloxicam is eliminated with a half-life of 26 hours and 17.5 hours after subcutaneous injection in young cattle and lactating cows, respectively.
In pigs, after intramuscular administration the mean plasma elimination half-life is approximately 2.5 hours.
In horses, after intravenous injection meloxicam is eliminated with a terminal half-life of 8.5 hours.
Approximately 50 % of the administered dose is eliminated via urine and the remainder via faeces.
6. PHARMACEUTICAL PARTICULARS OF Metacam 20 mg/ml
6.1. List of excipients
Water for injections
6.3. Shelf life
Shelf-life of the veterinary medicinal product as packaged for sale (20 ml, 50 ml, 100 ml or 250 ml vials):
Shelf-life after first opening the immediate packaging: 28 days.
6.4 Special precautions for storage
This veterinary medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions.