Loxicom 5 mg/ml injectable solution for cats and dogs 20 ml
Alleviation of inflammation and pain in both acute and chronic musculo-skeletal disorders in dogs, and reduction of post-operative pain and inflammation in cats and dogs
Loxicom 5 mg/ml solution for injection for dogs and cats.
2. QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION OF Loxicom 5 mg/ml
Each ml contains:
Meloxicam 5 mg
Ethanol, anhydrous 150 mg
For a full list of excipients, see section 6.1.
3. PHARMACEUTICAL FORM OF Loxicom 5 mg/ml
Pale yellow solution for injection.
4. CLINICAL PARTICULARS OF Loxicom 5 mg/ml
4.1. Target species
Dogs and cats.
4.2. ndications for use, specifying the target species
Alleviation of inflammation and pain in both acute and chronic musculo-skeletal disorders. Reduction of post-operative pain and inflammation following orthopaedic and soft tissue surgery.
Reduction of post-operative pain after ovariohysterectomy and minor soft tissue surgery.
Do not use in pregnant or lactating animals.
Do not use in animals suffering from gastrointestinal disorders such as irritation and haemorrhage, impaired hepatic, cardiac or renal function and haemorrhagic disorders.
Do not use in case of hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients. Do not use in animals less than 6 weeks of age nor in cats of less than 2 kg.
4.4. Special warnings for each target species
For post-operative pain relief in cats, safety has only been documented after thiopental/halothane anaesthesia.
4.5. Special precautions for use
Special precautions for use in animals
If adverse reactions occur, treatment should be discontinued and the advice of a veterinarian should be sought.
Avoid use in any dehydrated, hypovolaemic or hypotensive animal, as there is a potential risk of renal toxicity.
During anaesthesia, monitoring and fluid therapy should be considered as standard practice.
Special precautions to be taken by the person administering the veterinary medicinal product to animals
Accidental self-injection may give rise to pain. People with known hypersensitivity to NSAIDs should avoid contact with the veterinary medicinal product.
In case of accidental self-injection, seek medical advice immediately and show the package leaflet or the label to the physician.
4.6 Adverse reactions (frequency and seriousness)
Typical adverse reactions of NSAIDs such as loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhoea, faecal occult blood, apathy and renal failure have occasionally been reported. In very rare cases elevated liver enzymes have been reported. In dogs, in very rare cases, haemorrhagic diarrhoea, haematemesis and gastrointestinal ulceration have been reported.
In dogs, these adverse reactions occur generally within the first treatment week and are in most cases transient and disappear following termination of the treatment but in very rare cases may be serious or fatal.
In very rare cases anaphylactoid reactions may occur and should be treated symptomatically.
4.7 Use during pregnancy, lactation or lay
The safety of the veterinary medicinal product has not been established during pregnancy and lactation (see section 4.3).
4.8 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
Other NSAIDs, diuretics, anticoagulants, aminoglycoside antibiotics and substances with high protein binding may compete for binding and thus lead to toxic effects. Loxicom must not be administered in conjunction with other NSAIDs or glucocorticosteroids. Concurrent administration of potential nephrotoxic drugs should be avoided. In animals at anaesthetic risk (e.g. aged animals) intravenous or subcutaneous fluid therapy during anaesthesia should be taken into consideration. When anaesthesia and NSAID are concomitantly administered, a risk for renal function cannot be excluded.
Pre-treatment with anti-inflammatory substances may result in additional or increased adverse effects and accordingly a treatment-free period with such drugs should be observed for at least 24 hours before commencement of treatment. The treatment-free period, however, should take into account the pharmacokinetic properties of the products used previously.
4.9 Amounts to be administered and administration route
Musculo-skeletal disorders: Single subcutaneous injection at a dosage of 0.2 mg meloxicam/kg bodyweight (i.e. 0.4 ml/10 kg bodyweight). Loxicom 1.5 mg/ml oral suspension and Loxicom 0.5 mg/ml oral suspension may be used for continuation of treatment at a dosage of 0.1 mg meloxicam/kg bodyweight, 24 hours after administration of the injection.
Reduction of post-operative pain (over a period of 24 hours): Single intravenous or subcutaneous injection at a dosage of 0.2 mg meloxicam/kg bodyweight (i.e. 0.4 ml/10 kg bodyweight) before surgery, for example at the time of induction of anaesthesia.
Reduction of post-operative pain in cats where no oral follow-up treatment is possible e.g. feral cats: Single subcutaneous injection at a dosage of 0.3 mg meloxicam/kg bodyweight (i.e. 0.06 ml/kg bodyweight) before surgery, for example at the time of induction of anaesthesia. In this case do not use oral follow up treatment.
Reduction of post-operative pain in cats when administration of meloxicam is to be continued as an oral follow-up therapy:
Single subcutaneous injection at a dosage of 0.2 mg meloxicam/kg body weight (i.e. 0.04 ml/kg body weight) before surgery, for example at the time of induction of anaesthesia.
To continue treatment for up to five days, this initial dose may be followed 24 hours later by administration of Loxicom 0.5 mg/ml oral suspension for cats at a dosage of 0.05 mg meloxicam/kg body weight. The oral follow-up dose may be administered for up to a total of four doses at 24 hour intervals..
Particular care should be taken with regard to the accuracy of dosing.
A suitably graduated 1 ml syringe should be used for administration of the product to cats.
Avoid introduction of contamination during use.
4.10 Overdose (symptoms, emergency procedures, antidotes), if necessary
In the case of overdose, symptomatic treatment should be initiated.
4.11 Withdrawal period(s)
5. PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF Loxicom 5 mg/ml
Pharmacotherapeutic Group: Anti-inflammatory and anti-rheumatic products, non-steroids (oxicams). ATCvet code: QM01AC06
5.1. Pharmacodynamic properties
Meloxicam is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) of the oxicam class which acts by inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis, thereby exerting anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-exudative and antipyretic effects. It reduces leukocyte infiltration into the inflamed tissue. To a minor extent it also inhibits collagen-induced thrombocyte aggregation. In vitro and in vivo studies demonstrated that meloxicam inhibits cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) to a greater extent than cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1).
5.2. Pharmacokinetic particulars
Following subcutaneous administration, meloxicam is completely bioavailable and maximal mean plasma concentrations of 0.73 µg/ml in dogs and 1.1 µg/ml in cats were reached approximately 2.5 hours and 1.5 hours post-administration, respectively.
There is a linear relationship between the dose administered and plasma concentration observed in the therapeutic dose range in dogs. More than 97 % of meloxicam is bound to plasma proteins. The volume of distribution is 0.3 l/kg in dogs and 0.09 l/kg in cats.
In dogs, meloxicam is predominantly found in plasma and is also a major biliary excretion product whereas urine contains only traces of the parent compound. Meloxicam is metabolised to an alcohol, an acid derivative and to several polar metabolites. All major metabolites have been shown to be pharmacologically inactive.
Meloxicam is eliminated with a half-life of 24 hours in dogs and 15 hours in cats. Approximately 75 % of the administered dose is eliminated via faeces and the remainder via urine.
6. PHARMACEUTICAL PARTICULARS OF Loxicom 5 mg/ml
6.1. List of excipients
Sodium Hydroxide (for pH adjustment)
Hydrochloric Acid (for pH adjustment)
Water for Injection
In the absence of compatibility studies, this veterinary medicinal product must not be mixed with other veterinary medicinal products.
Shelf-life of the veterinary medicinal product as packaged for sale: 18 months. Shelf-life after first opening the immediate packaging: 28 days
6.4. Special precautions for storage
This veterinary medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions.