Effipro 50 mg spot-on solution for cats 4 pipettes
Treatment of flea (Ctenocephalides spp.) and tick (Dermacentor reticulatus) infestations in cats
EFFIPRO 50 mg spot-on solution for cats
2. QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION OF EFFIPRO 50 mg
One 0.5 ml pipette contains:
Fipronil 50 mg
Butylhydroxyanisole E320 0.1 mg
Butylhydroxytoluene E321 0.05 mg
For a full list of excipients, see section 6.1.
3. PHARMACEUTICAL FORM OF EFFIPRO 50 mg
Clear, colourless to yellow solution.
4. CLINICAL PARTICULARS OF EFFIPRO 50 mg
4.1 Target species
4.2 Indications for use
Treatment of flea (Ctenocephalides spp.) and tick (Dermacentor reticulatus) infestations.
The product has a persistent insecticidal efficacy for up to 5 weeks against fleas (Ctenocephalides felis).
The product has a persistent acaricidal efficacy for up to 2 weeks against ticks (Rhipicephalus sanguineus, Ixodes ricinus, Dermacentor reticulatus). If ticks of some species (Rhipicephalus sanguineus and Ixodes ricinus) are present when the product is applied, all the ticks may not be killed within the first 48 hours but they may be killed within a week.
The product can be used as part of a treatment strategy for the control of Flea Allergy Dermatitis (FAD) where this has been previously diagnosed by a veterinary surgeon.
In the absence of available data, the product should not be used on kittens less than 2 months old and/or weighing less than 1 kg.
Do not use on sick (systemic diseases, fever…) or convalescent animals.
Do not use in rabbits, as adverse drug reactions and even death could occur.
Do not use in cases of hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of excipients.
4.4 Special warnings for each target species
Fleas from pets often infest the animal's basket, bedding and regular resting areas such as carpets and soft furnishings which should be treated, in case of massive infestation and at the beginning of the control measures, with a suitable insecticide and vacuumed regularly.
The product does not prevent ticks from attaching to the animals. If the animal has been treated prior to exposure to the ticks, the ticks will be killed in the first 24-48 hours after attachment. This will usually be prior to engorgement, minimising but not excluding the risk of transmission of diseases. Once dead, ticks will often drop off the animal, but any remaining ticks may be removed with a gentle pull.
It is advisable to avoid frequent bathing or shampooing because the maintenance of effectiveness of the product in these cases has not been tested.
When used as part of a strategy for the treatment of Flea Allergy Dermatitis, monthly applications to the allergic patient and to other cats in the household are recommended.
For optimum control of flea problems in a multi-pet household, all dogs and cats in the household should be treated with a suitable insecticide.
4.5 Special precautions for use
Special precautions for use in animals
Avoid contact with the animal’s eyes. In the case of accidental eye contact, immediately and thoroughly flush the eyes with water.
Do not apply the product on wounds or damaged skin.
Special precautions to be taken by the person administering the veterinary medicinal product to animals
This product can cause mucous membrane and eye irritation. Therefore, contact between the product and the mouth or eyes should be avoided.
In the case of accidental eye contact, immediately and thoroughly flush the eyes with water. If eye irritation persists seek medical advice and show the package leaflet or the label to the physician.
Avoid contents coming into contact with the fingers. If this occurs, wash hands with soap and water. Wash hands after use.
Do not smoke, drink or eat during application.
People with known hypersensitivity to fipronil or excipients should avoid contact with the veterinary medicinal product.
Treated animals should not be handled until the application site is dry, and children should not be allowed to play with treated animals until the application site is dry. It is therefore recommended that animals are not treated during the day, but should be treated during the early evening, and that recently treated animals should not be allowed to sleep with owners, especially children.
The alcohol carrier may have adverse effects on painted, varnished or other household surfaces or furnishings.
4.6 Adverse reactions (frequency and seriousness)
If licking occurs, a brief period of hypersalivation may be observed due mainly to the nature of the carrier.
Among the extremely rare suspected adverse reactions, transient cutaneous reactions at the application site (squamosis, local alopecia, pruritus, erythema) and general pruritus or alopecia have been reported after use. Exceptionally, hypersalivation, reversible neurologic symptoms (hyperesthesia, depression, nervous symptoms) or vomiting have been observed after use.
4.7 Use during pregnancy and lactation
Laboratory studies using fipronil have not shown any evidence of teratogenic or embryotoxic effects. Studies have not been carried out with this product in pregnant and lactating queens. Use in pregnancy and lactation only in accordance with professional veterinary advice and a benefit/risk assessment.
4.8 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
4.9 Amounts to be administered and administration route
Route of administration and dosage:
External use only.
Administer by topical application to the skin 1 pipette of 0.5 ml per animal.
Method of administration:
Hold the pipette upright. Tap the narrow part of the pipette to ensure that the contents are within the main body of the pipette. Break the snap-off top of the spot-on pipette along the scored line.
Part the pet’s coat until its skin is visible. Place the tip of the pipette directly against the bared skin and squeeze gently several times to empty its contents Repeat this procedure at one or two different points along the cat’s back, preferably at the base of the head and between the shoulders.
(Note : the shape of the marketed pipettes can be different as well as the pictures on the marketed boxes/package leaflets.)
Remove the pipette from the blister packaging. Hold the pipette in an upright position, twist and pull the cap off. Turn the cap around and place the other end of the cap back on the pipette. Twist the cap to break the seal, then remove the cap from the pipette.
Part the pet’s coat until its skin is visible. Place the tip of the pipette directly against the bared skin and squeeze gently several times to empty its contents. Repeat this procedure at one or two points along the cat’s back, preferably at the base of the head and between the shoulders.
It is important to make sure that the product is applied to an area where the animal cannot lick it off, and to make sure that animals do not lick each other following treatment.
Care should be taken to avoid excessive wetting of the hair with the product since this will cause a sticky appearance of hairs at the treatment spot. However, should this occur, it will disappear within 24 hours post application.
White deposits may also be seen at the site for up to 48 hours after application.
For optimal control of flea and/or tick infestation the treatment schedule can be based on the local epidemiological situation.
In the absence of safety studies, the minimum treatment interval is 4 weeks.
4.10 Overdose (symptoms, emergency procedures, antidotes), if necessary
No adverse effects were observed in target animal safety studies in cats and kittens aged 2 months and older and weighing about 1 kg treated at five times the recommended dose (daily therapeutic dose applied on five consecutive days) for three consecutive months except for itching and vomiting that occurred once. The risk of adverse effects may increase in cases of over-dose.
4.11 Withdrawal period
5. PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF EFFIPRO 50 mg
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Ectoparasiticides for topical use.
ATCvet code: QP53AX15
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
Fipronil is an insecticide and acaricide belonging to the phenylpyrazole family. It acts by inhibiting the GABA complex, binding to the chloride channel and thereby blocking pre- and post-synaptic transfer of chloride ions across cell membranes. This results in uncontrolled activity of the central nervous system and death of insects or acarids.
Fipronil exhibits an insecticidal and acaricidal activity against fleas (Ctenocephalides spp) and ticks (Rhipicephalus spp, Dermacentor spp, Ixodes spp. including Ixodes ricinus) in the cat.
Fleas will be killed within 24 h. Ticks will usually be killed within 48 h after contact with Fipronil, however if ticks of some species (Rhipicephalus sanguineus and Ixodes ricinus) are present when the product is applied, all the ticks may not be killed within the first 48 hours.
5.2 Pharmacokinetic particulars
In vitro, fipronil is mainly metabolised with subcellular liver fractions to its sulfone derivative. However, this may be of limited relevance ‘in vivo’ as fipronil is poorly absorbed in the cat. The concentrations of fipronil on the hair decrease with time.
6. PHARMACEUTICAL PARTICULARS OF EFFIPRO 50 mg
6.1 List of excipients
Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether
6.3 Shelf life
Shelf-life of the veterinary medicinal product as packaged for sale: 24 months.
6.4. Special precautions for storage
Store below 30°C. Store in a dry place. Store in the original package.
Do not remove from blister until required for use.