Vitofyllin 100 mg for dogs 56 tablets
For the improvement of peripheral and cerebral vascular blood circulation. For improvement in dullness, lethargy and overall demeanour in dogs
Vitofyllin 100 mg film-coated tablets for dogs
2. VITOFYLLIN QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION
Propentofylline 100.00 mg/tablet
Ferric Oxide, yellow, (E 172) 0.150 mg/tablet
Titanium Dioxide, (E171) 0.430 mg/tablet
For a full list of excipients, see section 6.1.
3. VITOFYLLIN PHARMACEUTICAL FORM
Yellow, round convex tablets with cross-snap-tab on one and imprinting "100" on the other side.
The tablet can be divided into equal halves and quarters.
4. VITOFYLLIN CLINICAL PARTICULARS
4.1 Target species
4.2 Indications for use, specifying the target species
For the improvement of peripheral and cerebral vascular blood circulation. For improvement in dullness, lethargy and overall demeanour in dogs.
Refer to section 4.7
Do not use in dogs weighing less than 5 kg.
Do not use in cases of hypersensitivity to the active substance and/or to any of the other ingredients of the product.
4.4 Special warnings
4.5 Special precautions for use
Special precautions for use in animals
Specific diseases (e.g. kidney disease) should be treated accordingly.
Consideration should be given to rationalising the medication of dogs already receiving treatment for congestive heart failure or bronchial disease.
In the case of renal failure, the dose should be reduced.
Special precautions to be taken by the person administering the veterinary medicinal product to animals
Care should be taken to avoid accidental ingestion.
Wash hands after use.
4.6 Adverse reactions (frequency and seriousness)
On rare occasions, allergic skin reactions, vomiting and cardiac disturbances have been reported. In these cases, the treatment should be stopped.
4.7 Use during pregnancy, lactation or lay
Do not use in pregnant or lactating bitches or breeding animals as the product has not been evaluated in these animals.
4.8 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
4.9 Amounts to be administered and administration route
The basic dosage is 6-10 mg Vitofyllin/kg bodyweight daily, divided into two 3-5 mg/kg doses as follows:
Body weight (kg) : Daily total tablets; Daily total dose (mg/kg)
20-33: 2 tablets (1 a.m. and p.m.); 6-10
34-49: 3 tablets (1 1/2 a.m. and p.m.); 6,1-8,8
50-66: 4 tablets (2 a.m. and p.m.); 6,1-8
67-83: 5 tablets (2 1/2 a.m. and p.m.); 6-7,5
More accurate dosing may be achieved by using either quarters of the 100mg tablets or a combination of 100 mg and 50 mg tablets. Dogs of less than 20 kg can be given Vitofyllin 50 mg film-coated tablets for dogs.
The tablets can be administered directly onto the back of the dog's tongue or can be mixed in a small ball of food and should be administered at least 30 minutes before feeding.
4.10 Overdose (symptoms, emergency procedures, antidotes), if necessary
Excitation tachycardia, hypotension, reddening of mucous membranes and vomiting
The withdrawal of the treatment leads to a spontaneous remission of these signs.
4.11 Withdrawal period(s)
5. VITOFYLLIN PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES
Pharmacotherapeutic group: peripheral vasodilator; purine derivatives; propentofylline ATCvet code: QC04AD90
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
Propentofylline has been shown to increase blood flow, particularly of the heart and skeletal muscle. It also increases the blood flow of the brain and therefore its oxygen supply, without increasing the brain's glucose demand. It has a modest positive chronotropic effect and a marked positive ionotropic effect. In addition, it has been shown to have an anti-arrhythmic effect in dogs with myocardial ischemia and a bronchodilator action equivalent to that of aminofylline.
Propentofylline inhibits platelet aggregation and improves the flow properties of erythrocytes.
It has a direct effect on the heart and reduces peripheral vascular resistance thereby lowering cardiac load.
Propentofylline may increase willingness to exercise and exercise tolerance, particularly in older dogs.
5.2 Pharmacokinetic particulars
After oral administration propentofylline is fast and completely absorbed and quickly distributed in the tissues. Given orally to dogs, maximum plasma levels are reached already after 15 minutes.
The half-life is about 30 minutes and the bioavailability for the parent substance amounts to about 30%. There are a number of effective metabolites and the biotransformation takes place mainly in the liver. Propentofylline is excreted in the form of its metabolites between 80-90% via the kidneys. The rest is eliminated with the faeces. There is no accumulation.
6. VITOFYLLIN PHARMACEUTICAL PARTICULARS
6.1 List of excipients
Silica, Colloidal Anhydrous
Titanium Dioxide, E171
Ferric Oxide, yellow, E 172
Shelf-life of the veterinary medicinal product as packaged for sale: 5 years
Unused divided tablets should be returned to the blister pack and any divided tablet portions remaining after 72 hours should be discarded.
6.4 Special precautions for storage
Store in the original package (blister) and keep the blister packs in the outer carton and store in a dry place. Divided tablets should be stored in the blister pack.
6.5 Nature and composition of immediate packaging
Polyvinylchloride – PolyVinylidene dichloride/Aluminium blister with 14 tablets, in a cardboard box containing 4 blisters (56 tablets).
Polyvinylchloride – PolyVinylidene dichloride/Aluminium blister with 14 tablets, in a cardboard box containing 10 blisters (140 tablets).
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
6.6 Special precautions for the disposal of unused veterinary medicinal product or waste materials derived from the use of such products
Any unused veterinary medicinal product or waste materials derived from such veterinary medicinal products should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.
7. MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER
10 Great North Way
York Business Park