Meloxidyl 0.5 mg/ml oral suspension for cats 5 ml
Alleviation of inflammation and pain in chronic musculo-skeletal disorders and reduction of post-operative pain and inflammation in cats / Meloxicam
Meloxidyl 0.5 mg/ml oral suspension for cats
2. QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION OF Meloxidyl 0.5 mg/ml
One ml of Meloxidyl 0.5 mg/ml oral suspension for cats contains:
Meloxicam 0.5 mg
Sodium benzoate (E 211) 2.0 mg
For a full list of excipients, see section 6.1.
3. PHARMACEUTICAL FORM OF Meloxidyl 0.5 mg/ml
Pale yellow suspension.
4. CLINICAL PARTICULARS OF Meloxidyl 0.5 mg/ml
4.1 Target species
4.2 Indications for use, specifying the target species
Alleviation of mild to moderate post-operative pain and inflammation following surgical procedures in cats, e.g. orthopaedic and soft tissue surgery. Alleviation of pain and inflammation in chronic musculo-skeletal disorders in cats.
Do not use in pregnant or lactating animals.
Do not use in cats suffering from gastrointestinal disorders such as irritation and haemorrhage, impaired hepatic, cardiac or renal function and haemorrhagic disorders.
Do not use in case of hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients. - Do not use in cats less than 6 weeks of age.
Special precautions for use
Special precautions for use in animals
If adverse reactions occur, treatment should be discontinued and the advice of a veterinarian should be sought.
Avoid use in any dehydrated, hypovolaemic or hypotensive animal, as there is a potential risk of renal toxicity.
Post-operative pain and inflammation following surgical procedures:
In case additional pain relief is required, multimodal pain therapy should be considered.
Chronic musculoskeletal disorders: Response to long-term therapy should be monitored at regular intervals by a veterinary surgeon.
Special precautions to be taken by the person administering the veterinary medicinal product to animals
People with known hypersensitivity to Non Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) should avoid contact with the veterinary medicinal product.
In case of accidental ingestion, seek medical advice immediately and show the package leaflet or the label to the physician.
4.6 Adverse reactions (frequency and seriousness)
Typical adverse reactions of NSAIDs such as loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhoea, faecal occult blood, apathy and renal failure have occasionally been reported. These side effects are in most cases transient and disappear following termination of the treatment but in very rare cases may be serious or fatal.
4.7 Use during pregnancy, lactation or lay
The safety of the veterinary medicinal product has not been established during pregnancy and lactation (See section 4.3).
4.8 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
Other NSAIDs, diuretics, anticoagulants, aminoglycoside antibiotics and substances with high protein binding may compete for binding and thus lead to toxic effects. Meloxidyl must not be administered in conjunction with other NSAIDs or glucocorticosteroids. Concurrent administration of potential nephrotoxic drugs should be avoided.
Pre-treatment with anti-inflammatory substances may result in additional or increased adverse effects and accordingly a treatment-free period with such drugs should be observed for at least 24 hours before commencement of treatment. The treatment-free period, however, should take into account the pharmacological properties of the products used previously.
4.9 Amounts to be administered and administration route
Post-operative pain and inflammation following surgical procedures:
After initial treatment with meloxicam 2 mg/ml solution for injection for cats, continue treatment 24 hours later with Meloxidyl 0.5 mg/ml oral suspension for cats at a dosage of 0.05 mg meloxicam/kg bodyweight. The oral follow-up dose may be administered once daily (at 24 hour intervals) for up to four days.
Chronic musculo-skeletal disorders:
Initial treatment is a single oral dose of 0.1 mg meloxicam/kg body weight on the first day.
Treatment is to be continued once daily by oral administration (at 24-hour intervals) at a maintenance dose of 0.05 mg meloxicam/kg body weight.
Particular care should be taken with regard to the accuracy of dosing. The recommended dose should not be exceeded.
A clinical response is normally seen within 7 days. Treatment should be discontinued after 14 days at the latest if no clinical improvement is apparent.
Route and method of administration
Shake well before use. To be administered orally either mixed with food or directly into the mouth.
The suspension can be given using the measuring syringe provided in the package.
The syringe fits onto the bottle and has a kg-body weight scale (from 1 kg to 10 kg) which corresponds to the maintenance dose. Thus for initiation of the therapy on the first day, twice the maintenance volume will be required.
Avoid introduction of contamination during use.
4.10 Overdose (symptoms, emergency procedures, antidotes), if necessary
Meloxicam has a narrow therapeutic safety margin in cats and clinical signs of overdose may be seen at relatively small overdose levels.
In case of overdose, adverse reactions, as listed in Section 4.6, are expected to be more severe and more frequent. In the case of overdose symptomatic treatment should be initiated.
4.11 Withdrawal period(s)
5. PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF Meloxidyl 0.5 mg/ml
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Antiinflammatory and antirheumatic products, non-steroids (oxicams) ATCvet code: QM01AC06
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
Meloxicam is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) of the oxicam class which acts by inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis, thereby exerting anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-exudative and antipyretic effects. It reduces leukocyte infiltration into the inflamed tissue. To a minor extent it also inhibits collageninduced thrombocyte aggregation. In vitro and in vivo studies demonstrated that meloxicam inhibits cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) to a greater extent than cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1).
5.2 Pharmacokinetic particulars
If the animal is fasted when dosed, the maximal plasma concentrations are obtained after approximately 3 hours. If the animal is fed at the time of dosing, the absorption may be slightly delayed.
There is a linear relationship between the dose administered and plasma concentration observed in the therapeutic dose range. Approximately 97 % of meloxicam is bound to plasma proteins.
Meloxicam is predominantly found in plasma and is also a major biliary excretion product whereas urine contains only traces of the parent compound. Five major metabolites have been identified. Meloxicam is metabolised to an alcohol, an acid derivative and to several polar metabolites. As for other species investigated, the main pathway of meloxicam biotransformation in cat is oxidation and there are no pharmacologically active metabolites.
Meloxicam is eliminated with a half-life of 24 hours. The detection of metabolites from the parent compound in urine and faeces, but not in plasma is indicative for their rapid excretion. 21% of the recovered dose is eliminated in urine (2% as unchanged meloxicam, 19% as metabolites) and 79% in the faeces (49% as unchanged meloxicam, 30% as metabolites).
6. PHARMACEUTICAL PARTICULARS OF Meloxidyl 0.5 mg/ml
6.1 List of excipients
Silica colloidal anhydrous
Sorbitol liquid non-crystallising
Sodium benzoate (E 211)
Citric acid anhydrous - Purified water
6.3 Shelf life
Shelf-life of the veterinary medicinal product as packaged for sale: 30 months
Shelf-life after first opening the immediate packaging: 6 months
6.4. Special precautions for storage
This veterinary medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions.